Community-acquired pneumonia in children

Estimated Duration: 
1 hour

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia that is acquired in the community as compared to pneumonia acquired in/after a stay in hospital.  Pneumonia is a bacterial or viral infection of the lungs.  It is usually caused by inhalation of micro-organisms from the upper respiratory tract. Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the commonest causes of community-acquired pneumonia world-wide and in New Zealand. Other organisms include viruses (especially respiratory syncytial virus, RSV), Chlamydia pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza and Staphylococcus aureus.

The New Zealand rate for pneumonia is high and it is one of the major causes of hospitalization and mortality among younger children, particularly for Māori and Pacific children. 

The learning objectives of this course are:

•    To understand the aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children and infants.
•    To identify contributing factors to pneumonia in children.
•    Recognise the signs and symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia in children and infants.
•    To understand best practice evidenced-based management of community-acquired pneumonia in children and infants.


Once you have completed this short course and quiz, please click 'submit' where you will be taken to the results page. From here you can print your certificate for 1 Continuing Professional Development (CPD) hour.


This content was created by Dr Karen Falloon PhD, MBChB, FRNZCGP in 2017 and updated by Connie Kang BPharm(Hons) in 2022.


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