Musculoskeletal & Orthopaedics

Acute low back pain

Acute low back pain is common and can occur without any definite event or injury. Back pain is second only to URTI in terms of days lost from work due to illness or injury. There are a large number of causes of low back pain and a definitive structural diagnosis is possible in less than 10% of patients.  

MercyAscot - Paediatric Care Update

At this 1day MercyAscot Education Series workshop Orthopaedic Surgeon Andrew Graydon, General Surgeon James Hamill and ENT Surgeon Melanie Collins covered a range of paediatric topics, including hernias, ENT issue and the challenges of managing paediatric patients.

Sports-related concussion

Sports-related head injuries and concussion can be difficult to assess and manage. It's important to have a consistent approach to the assessment and management of head injuries to ensure that an accurate diagnosis is made and to allow individuals to safely return to sport and to the workplace. 

After completing this short course, you should:

Shaken baby syndrome

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of preventable, traumatic head injury in those under the age of two years. The term SBS is the most commonly used internationally although remains controversial as it indicates one exact cause of injury.

Achilles tendon rupture: diagnosis & treatment

The Achilles tendon attaches the gastrocnemius, the soleus and plantaris muscles to the calcaneus. It is one of the longest and thickest tendons in the body and is a powerful plantar flexor of the foot and ankle.

The two most common pathologies involving the Achilles tendon are tendinopathy and rupture. Patients with tendinopathy typically describe a gradual onset of pain, while ruptures are associated with an acute event.

Rotator cuff: acute injuries

Rotator cuff pathology comprises a wide range of different problems. At one end of the spectrum is a patient with acute rotator impingement. These patients may have an anatomically normal rotator cuff and have symptoms which have been provoked by an acute bout of activity. In this situation the problem will generally settle with a short period of rest.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patellofemoral pain is a common presentation in primary care. It is most commonly seen in those below the age of forty years; however it can affect people of all ages and activity levels. In adolescents the onset of pain can coincide with periods of accelerated growth, while in older patients it often co-exists with degenerative joint changes.

The term ‘patellofemoral syndrome’ is usually reserved to describe the younger patient with an anatomically normal (or near normal) knee.

Shoulder instability

Shoulder instability is a relatively common injury. The incidence of traumatic shoulder instability in the athletic population is approximately two times greater than in the general population, especially amongst those involved in contact or overhead sports. Instability can be due to acute trauma, repetitive microtrauma or related to congenital issues like generalised laxity. 

Knee injuries: acute management

Acute knee injuries are common, especially in sports that involve twisting movements and sudden changes of direction such as netball, football, basketball and skiing.

Shoulder injuries: acute management

Shoulder injuries are common in primary care and can be difficult to correctly diagnose and manage. The shoulder is a mobile joint and vulnerable to injury from sport, falls, and overhead work. Common shoulder injuries include: rotator cuff tendinopathy or tear, rotator cuff impingement, capsular stiffness, glenohumeral instability or dislocation, muscular tears, or acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) sprains. 

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