Womens health

Periods: managing their impact

Cathy Stephenson discusses periods and young people: how to minimise their impact.

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding / Pipelle sampling

This e-learning module has been created by Waitemata DHB for primary healthcare providers practicing in the ADHB and/or WDHB areas.

With an ageing population and a rising BMI status, the population at risk of developing endometrial cancer is increasing.  In order to identify these women in a timely and acceptable way, the option of endometrial sampling in the community needs to be widely available.  This means more GPs will be able to perform pipelle samples in their practices.

Libido in the menopausal woman

Megan Ogilvie discusses women's libido including menopausal hormone treatment, and testosterone supplementation.

Endometriosis - what's new and important

Simon Edmonds and Michael Wynn Williams discuss improving the diagnosis and management of endometriosis in New Zealand through early recognition of symptoms, empowering primary health care practitioners to make a suspected diagnosis and commence management along with appropriate and timely referral to specialists.


Defined as the presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the endometrial cavity, endometriosis is a common condition. Estimates of 1 in 10 New Zealand girls and women, transgender or non-binary female assigned at birth are expected to have endometriosis in their reproductive years. 

The cause of endometriosis is likely to be multifactorial with genetic and familial factors playing a role. Clinical presentation may be variable with dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, IBS and fertility issues present, though approximately one third are asymptomatic.


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