A review1 of individual patients in randomised trials of delayed antibiotics (or back pocket antibiotics) for acute infections. The conditions included common cold, acute otitis media, sore throat, respiratory tract infection and cough.
Compared with immediate antibiotics, delaying does not result in higher complication rates (possibly lower) and does not decrease patient satisfaction. It can be a good strategy to introduce an antibiotic seeking patient to consider not taking immediate antibiotics. The reviewers suggest this may be a way of resolving mismatched expectations between clinicians and patients. In New Zealand, this is not an option for Māori and Pacific patients with sore throat due to the risk of rheumatic fever.