Transgender physical health

Date Published: 
Wednesday, February 10, 2021

In this second episode, Dr Rona Carroll discusses the medical and surgical initiation and maintenance of gender affirming hormone treatment and surgical intervention in the transgender- transitioning patient.



  • 01:00 Gender affirming hormone therapy (GAHT).
  • 03:25 Considerations need to be made prior to GAHT.
  • 05:23 Discussing feminising hormonal therapy.
  • 13:02 Masculinising hormones.
  • 18:30 Gender affirming surgery.

Take-home messages

  • You don’t have to know everything to provide non-judgemental, respectful and kind care.
  • Transgender and non-binary patients have often experienced distress, stigma and discrimination. So be kind and listen.
  • Make sure you know your local referral pathways.
  • Be an ally to help your patient access gender affirming care.





Dr Rona Carroll
General Practitioner

Dr Rona Carroll is a specialist GP working in a student health service and a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice at the University of Otago, Wellington. She has a special interest in transgender healthcare and is a member of the Professional Association for Transgender Health Aotearoa (PATHA) education committee. Rona provides gender-affirming hormone therapy to trans and non-binary patients and is interested in educating medical students and health practitioners in this area.

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This presentation is intended for qualified health practitioners professional development and should not be relied upon for any other purpose. Any opinions offered are those of the presenter or other speaker and do not necessarily represent the views of Goodfellow Unit.